Cetane Number - Cetane number is an important indicator of quality of a diesel fuel. Cetane number represents the ignition quality of a fuel. High cetane number indicates a fuel that burns smoothly in the engine cylinder with minimum delay between fuel injection and autoignition.
Diesel - The diesel cut from crude oil is separated from rest of the crude oil in atmospheric distillation unit after the gases have boiled off, gasoline and kerosene are separated. Distillation range for diesel cut occurs between 3750F and 7250F.
Gasoline / Petrol - Gasoline is most well known petroleum product for its use as an automotive fuel. It is extracted from crude oil and specifically designed for use in reciprocating, spark-ignition, internal combustion engines.
Heating Values of Natural Gas - A table listing heating values of commonly encountered hydrocarbons and some other gases in Btu/Scf (energy released per unit volume).
Kerosene - Kerosene is produced from ‘second cut’ or ‘water white cut’ in crude oil separation achieved in the atmospheric distillation column just below the naphtha or gasoline cut. Distillation range for kerosene occurs between 3500F and 5500F.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) - LPG is a mixture of hydrocarbons occurring between lighter components occurring in the utility fuel gas (C1 and C2) and heavier liquids occurring in naphtha and gasoline (c5 and onwards). The distillation range for LPG hydrocarbons at atmospheric pressure occurs between -490F to 340F.
Octane Number - Octane number of a fuel is the measure of its antiknock quality when its used in a spark ignition, internal combustion engine, as compared to the antiknock quality of Iso-octane (2,2,4-trimethylpentane).